Importance of Geotechnical Investigations

Kushtet ekzistuese te tokes të një sheshi ndertimi janë jashtëzakonisht të ndryshueshme. Ndryshe nga sjellja e materialeve të ndërtimit (si betoni, çeliku, druri), përbërja e tokës eshte komplekse dhe mund të ndryshojë edhe në distanca shume të shkurtëra. Mos-realizimi I hulumtimeve te mirefillta gjeoteknike mund te rezultoje ne:


Slope Failure

  • Excavation protection failure
  • Existing slope failure
  • Destruction of structures as a result of landslides

Foundation Movement

  • Bearing Capacity Failure
  • Un-allowed and differential settlements (that cause structure cracks)
  • Soil swelling (upheave and cracks in structures)

Wrong Design

  • Unnecessary expenses to the investor
  • Higher construction cost
  • Negative impact on the lifespan of projects

Some of the negatively influencing geotechnical factors are:

  • Changes in ground water level
  • Continuous erosion
  • Soil Heterogenity
  • Excavation activities
  • Liquefaction
  • Natural disasters like earthquakes and landslides

Geotechnical engineering is an important aspect of construction engineering and experience has shown that failures in engineering projects are often related to soil, however careful consideration of soil conditions with thorough geotechnical assessment will help prevent costly problems.

The task of a geotechnical engineer is to ensure that a building is not added to the long list of unstable (moving) buildings.

According to Ranker, the 10 most famous leaning buildings are:

Big Ben – London, England

Suurhusen Church Tower – Suurhusen, Germany

The Two Towers Of Bologna – Bologna, Italy

Our Dear Lady At The Mountain Church Tower – Frankenhausen, Germany

Tiger Hill Pagoda – Souzhou, China

Leaning Tower Of Nevyansk – Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia

Tower Of The Milices – Rome, Italy

Oede Kerk – Delft, Netherlands

Church Of St. Mary And All Saints – Chesterfield, England

Millenium Tower - San Francisco, USA